When you use your browser to look at a web page, there’s quite a bit happening under the hood in order to make the page appear. All the files needed to display the page must be transferred from the web server to your computer. These files include the HTML page itself, and all the images (and other media) that are displayed. The means by which these files are transferred from the server to your computer is HTTP.

HTTP is the protocol of the web. It is the way in which web servers and web clients (usually browsers) communicate with one another. HTTP stands for hypertext transfer protocol. ‘Hypertext…